중소기업연구 42권 2호 (2020년 06월)
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The Effect of the Adoption of Principle-based International Financial Reporting Standards on Financial Reporting of Korean Small/Medium-Size Enterprises(SMEs)
  • - Eung-Gil Kim (Soongsil University)
  • - Soong-Soo Han (Korea University)
[Abstract]
This paper examines the effect of the adoption of international financial reporting standards(IFRS) on the financial reporting of SMEs. As IFRS is principle-based, management's discretion is needed to reflect the economic substance of transactions, and a sound internal accounting infrastructure is needed to support the judgment process. In the case of SMEs, the internal accounting infrastructure is not well established, which makes it difficult to apply principle-based accounting. The survey analysis of 132 small and medium-sized business accounting managers listed in the domestic stock market showed that the reliability of financial statements has increased due to the introduction of IFRS. In particular, SMEs perceived their financial statements as being more reliable after the adoption of IFRS than midsize companies. However, it was found that the costs and risks from the preparation of financial statements have increased significantly, and conflicts between auditors and supervisory authorities related to the application of the principles have increased. In particular, midsize companies felt the increase in conflict with auditors and supervisory authorities bigger than small companies. As for the practical difficulties in applying IFRS, both small and medium-sized companies have difficulty in interpreting the standards and lacked guidelines. In order to resolve these difficulties, it is necessary to enhance the function of Q&A by the Korea Accounting standard board(KASB) or Financial Supervisory Service(FSS). In conclusion, the reliability of the financial statements of SMEs has improved with the introduction of IFRS. However, we believe that policy and institutional support is needed in order to have better financial reporting for SMEs.
Success and Failure Factors for Workout SMEs
  • - Byeong-Ho Lee (Soongsil Uni.)
  • - Moon-Kyum Kim (Soongsil Uni.)
  • - Soon-Choul Kim (Soongsil Uni.)
[Abstract]
In this paper, it is analyzed that the financial factors of successful/unsuccessful companies in restructuring among Korean SMEs. For this purpose, the cases of 494 SMEs that had been subjected to workout programs due to financial distress between 2008-2014 were collected from A bank which is a SME financing bank, and had been subjected to logistic regression and t-test. And the sample cases are categorized into two groups, companies subject to external audit and the others, to provide more reliability. The result suggests; First, in all sample cases of SMEs, those are success factors for workout in connection with smaller total assets, lager sales amount, lower ratio of intangible assets, higher ratio of operating profit, lower ratio of short-term debt, higher ratio of long-term debt, and longer corporation history. Secondly, several factors have different influence on companies subject to external audit and the others. Lastly, the success factors for workout in Korean SMEs turned out to be different from those suggested in previous studies that are focused on large company. Some of the financial factors that led financially distressed firm to a successful restructuring showed the same results as large companies, but some of them were not related to them or even had the inverse influence on SMEs. This implies that SMEs have their distinctive success factors.
A Meta-analysis on Antecedents and Consequences of Technological Innovation: Focused on Empirical Analyses of South Korea’s SMEs
  • - Juil Kim (KISTEP)
  • - Minseo Kim (Konkuk University)
  • - Hyesu Park (Konkuk University)
[Abstract]
Studies on technological innovation of SMEs have made remarkable growth both qualitatively and quantitatively, but each study has a limitation to generalize due to lack of data, diversity of methodologies and variables. Therefore, a systematic and comprehensive statistical approach to obtain generalized conclusions through numerous empirical studies can help both the strategic decision making of SMEs and the government's innovation policies. The purpose of this study is to comprehensively analyze the technological innovation process of SMEs through meta-analysis. For this, the antecedents of technological innovation, the relationship between technological innovation and management performance of SMEs were analyzed. The results of using 62,512 samples from 111 domestic empirical studies were as follows; First, to improve the technological innovation of SMEs, internal cooperation, innovation culture, dynamic capabilities, and absorptive capacity were important antecedents. Second, in terms of IP performance, which was introduced as a proxy for technological innovation, human resource management, technological opportunities, commercialization capabilities, financial resources, and R&D expenditure. Third, technological innovation has a medium-sized effect on financial performance, however the effect of IP performance has a small effect size. Lastly, in the relationship between technological innovation and financial performance, the method of measurement and publication type showed statistically significant moderating effects.
Korean Family Business Research : A Review and Agenda for Future Research
  • - Nam (KonKuk University)
  • - YoungHo
[Abstract]
study is aimed at the growth and development of family businesses that greatly contribute to Korea's economic development, but the specific research purpose is to firstly examine the research trends and current status of Korean family businesses and compare them with those of developed countries such as the United States. Second, I would like to look at the future research for revitalizing Korean family business research. In addition, we intend to contribute to increasing the interest in this field and the number of researchers involved. The research target of this paper is 212 papers published in professional academic journals for 13 years from 2006 to 2018 when family businesses began to be fully researched in Korea, 112 master's and doctoral dissertations (graduate schools), and 324 totals. As a result of empirical analysis, the number of published papers is increasing more than the initial ones, but it has been on the decline recently. In addition, 57.5% of the journals are papers that do not have specific definitions or simply list the claims of several scholars by analyzing content. Thesis was 33.9%. As for the type of research, qualitative research, which is a conceptual research, is a small number, and empirical research occupies most of the research topics. Research topics and academic dissertations also have a large proportion of management, management strategy, succession, financial accounting, and business performance. In other words, it can be said that the research on family business in Korea corresponds to the early childhood of the United States. First of all, in the future, we need to put more effort into increasing the qualitative research, starting with the definition of a family business, which is an essential problem, in addition to the theory building of family business. Second, as an analysis level of research, we should make family an important level of analysis for existing individuals, groups, and organizations. Third, the research subject and research area should be expanded. It is desperately necessary to study large companies including chaebols, mainly from small and medium-sized companies, which are the existing research areas of family business. In addition, it is considered that it is necessary to appropriately introduce various theories suitable for the interdisciplinary study, which is the characteristic of the family business, for example, theories of family science, psychology, and sociology. Fourth, it should build the research infrastructure.
The Impact of GFRIs’ Technical Support System on SMEs
  • - Sangpil Yoon (KAIST)
  • - Philsung Kim (KITECH)
  • - Kyuchae Jeong (KITECH)
  • - Yanghon Chung (KAIST)
  • - Hyesoo Ko (KAIST)
[Abstract]
Government funded research institutes (GFRIs) maintain a cooperative relationship with companies and stably provide their resources through the family company system. They are thereby implementing a demand-oriented support system that responds to the needs of the company. This study analyzed the changes in corporate financial performance depending on the participation in family company system and customized support. For this purpose, 2,229 companies registered with the KITECH during 2015-2017 composed the “Family company group”, and 80 companies that participated in the customized support were ed as the “customized support group”. The effect of participation on the corporate financial performance was analyzed using the PSM-DID model. The analysis verified that companies in a cooperative relationship with GFRIs had a higher sales growth rate than others. Furthermore, when these companies received additional customized support, their OI and ROE were significantly improved. The value of this study lies in that it quantitatively analyzed the cooperation performance of partner companies following a sustainable SME-GRI relationship. In addition, it provides insight into the strategic support system for SMEs by confirming the necessity of a customized support based on the relationship.
Smart Factory Policy Measures for Promoting Manufacturing Innovation
  • - Jaesung James Park (Korea Small and Business Institute)
  • - Jae Won Kang (Korea Small and Business Institute)
[Abstract]
We examine the current status of smart factory deployment and diffusion programs in Korea, and seek to promote manufacturing innovation from the perspective of SMEs. The main conclusions of this paper are as follows. First, without additional market creation and supply chain improvement, smart factories are unlikely to raise profitability leading to overinvestment. Second, new business models need to connect “manufacturing process efficiency” with “R&D” and “marketing” in value chain in smart factories. Third, when introducing smart factories, we need to focus on the areas where process-embedded technology is directly linked to corporate competitiveness. Based on the modularity-maturity matrix (Pisano and Shih, 2012) and the examples of U.S. Manufacturing Innovation Institute (MII), we establish the new smart factory deployment policy measures as follows. First, we shift our smart factory strategy from quantitative expansion to qualitative upgrading. Second, we promote by each sector the formation of industrial commons that help SMEs to jointly develop R&D, exchange standardized data and practices, and facilitate supplier-led procurement system. Third, to implement new technology and business models, we encourage partnerships, collaborations, and M&As between conventional SMEs and start-ups and business ventures. Fourth, the whole deployment process of smart factories is indexed in detail to identify the problems and provide appropriate solutions.
A prototype model of entrepreneur: Historical context and anthropological approach
  • - Choonwoo Lee (University of Seoul)
[Abstract]
The concepts of entrepreneurship are very various. So many researchers are confused or not sure of the concepts of entrepreneurship. Likewise, the concept of entrepreneur are very various, and confused of the concepts of entrepreneur. This study try to set a comprehensive conceptual model of concepts of entrepreneurs. This model suggest a prototype model of entrepreneur with historical context and anthropological approach.
The effects of UIC Cooperation Programs on
  • - Kim Sunwoo (Science and Technology Policy Institute)
  • - Yoon (Korea Labor Institute)
  • - Yoon-Gyu
[Abstract]
In the rapid trend of social change, such as the 4th industrial revolution
and the realignment of job structures, university-industry cooperation(UIC) is
emphasized as a key factor in enhancing national competitiveness. The level of
UIC in Korea is insufficient compared to national competitiveness, and despite the
world-class R&D investment, there is a lack of linkage between the result of technology
development and the industrial field, and the knowledge-transfer between university
and industry is also insufficient. This paper analyzed the employment effects of
UIC program supported by government, especially youth employment effects. The
companies participating in the UIC program showed higher employment effect than
the non-participating companies. In addition, the result of examining the employment
growth rate of participating companies only for projects aimed at ‘education and
human resource development', show that employment growth rate after one year
(total, youth employment) was significantly higher than that of non-participating
companies, while employment growth after two years was not significant. UIC program
need to have sustainability and systemicity so that they can be directly linked to
the employment effects.